Pula is the largest city in Istria County, and is located in the southwest of the Istrian peninsula. Well known is its cave Šandalja, where they found the human remains from the distant past back one million years BC. The town is situated on seven hills, and today it covers an area of 5165 Ha. Pula has mostly Mediterranean climate, winters are mild and summers are warm, while the average annual temperature is 13.2 degrees. The earliest record to the permanent settlement of the area dates back to the 10th century BC, and it is believed that the tribe Histri first lived in Istria. The town itself was significant at the Greek travelers and sailors. Pula was often called the city of fugitives. During the Middle Ages the city was destroyed by the Ostrogoths, and their rule lasted for 60 years. It is interesting to mention that Italian poet Dante Alighieri mentions Pula in his part of the Divine Comedy. In 21.10.1991., during the war has been founded the port of Pula, and the first commander was Captain Budimir. Given that Pula has about 90,000 inhabitants, it can be said that it is a rich cultural and metropolitan center. Most of the population are Croats - 71.65 percent. Serbs,about 6 percent, 4.82 percent of Italians and less than 2 percent Slovenes. The population is mostly engaged in tourism, transport, food industry, ship-building and other non-metallic activities. The town has 16 neighborhood councils, which have a major impact on the lives of residents. Pula is very well connected to other cities, although the railway traffic in Pula is nowadays less developed. Maritime transport connects the city with the surrounding islands, but also with Venice in Italy. The city houses two museums, archaeological and historical. Tourists often visit many preserved Roman buildings such as the temple of Rome and Augustus and the monastery and church of Sveti Franjo.